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What is a Tok Sen massage?

A Thai Tok Sen massage uses a mallet and wedge made from the wood of a tamarind tree to activate sen lines with percussive tapping.

Introduction to Tok Sen

Thai Tok Sen is a centuries-old Lanna tradition rooted in the heart of northern Thailand, specifically Chiang Mai. Its history spans over five centuries and has been preserved primarily as an oral tradition. The longevity of this tradition is a testament to its efficacy in treating various ailments.

Tok Sen, which translates to “tapping of the energy lines,” involves using a wooden hammer and mallet to gently tap on specific body points, releasing tension and restoring balance. These tools produce vibrations penetrating the body’s layers, reaching deep-seated tension and pain. While it may sound intense, Tok Sen is a profoundly relaxing and rejuvenating experience that can benefit your well-being.


Tok Sen Massage

Thai Tok Sen massage uses a wooden mallet and wedge made from the wood of a tamarind tree.

Add Tok Sen to any length of Thai massage with Grant at Sirius Health Thai Massage Clinic.


Thai Tok Sen Course

Thai Tok Sen course at Sirius Health.

This certified 18-hour Thai massage course teaches you how to work energy lines using a wooden hammer and stick.

Tok Sen Tools

Tok Sen requires at least two tools: a kon (hammer) and a lim (chisel), traditionally crafted from tamarind wood. Kons and lims are hand-carved, so no two kons or lims are identical. They all look like a hammer and wedges, but no standard size or shape exists. Some kons are large, and some are small. Some lims have a wedge on one side, and others have two different sizes of blunt ends. Some tools use light-coloured hardwood, and others use dark hardwood. So, part of becoming a Tok Sen practitioner is choosing your first kon and lims.

The kon and lim set the rhythm for healing. These instruments produce therapeutic vibrations, allowing for deep penetration into the layers of the body.

In Thailand, a Buddhist mantra is the most distinguishing feature of a traditional Tok Sen tool. Once a craftsman completes a set of Tok Sen tools, a Buddhist monk blesses the Tok Sen tools by writing Buddhist mantras on them. Traditionally, the blessing and mantras are a prerequisite of Tok Sen therapy. Without being blessed, the wooden tools are ordinary wooden tools.

Before starting treatment, practitioners in Thailand will prepare the kon by doing a chant to supervise the tool. The practitioner will then blow on the kon. Thai healers believe that this ritual protects the client from bruising on the skin or muscle.

Examples of Kons used for Tok Sen


A wooden hammer.

Specialty tools used for Tok Sen

Lim A

A tool with one wedge-shaped end and one rounded point.

Examples of Lim B tools used for Tok Sen

Lim B

A tool with one small rounded point and one large rounded point.

Specialty tools used for Tok Sen

Specialty Tools

Tools with ends specific to working different parts of the body.

A Tok Sen Treatment

Tok Sen is different from your average massage, and it demands someone well-versed in the traditional techniques. A qualified therapist knows the correct use of the kon and lim and understands how to modulate the rhythm and intensity of the taps according to your comfort.

In traditional Thai treatments, Thai healers recite mantras while holding the Tok Sen tools and then blow on them to infuse them with the spirit of the invoked deity. Thai people believe the tapping process transfers the monk’s blessings and the mantra’s sacred vibrations to the receiver.

Used as a modality, a Thai massage practitioner usually performs Tok Sen during a traditional Thai massage, not as a standalone treatment. As in traditional Thai massage, recipients wear loose-fitting clothing during a Tok Sen massage, and practitioners do not use oil. During a treatment, the practitioner places a lim on the recipient’s body and then taps it with the kon.

The practitioner can use the tools in two ways depending on the desired effects or the area in which the practitioner works. First, the practitioner can tap along the Sen to alleviate sickness or to relax the energy lines, blood channels and muscles. The practitioner can also tap on specific points to heal the illness or problem associated with that point.

Two main techniques in Tok Sen are double tapping and feather tapping. When double tapping, the practitioner taps the lim twice on each spot using medium to strong power. This technique, characterized by its firm, rhythmic pattern, acts like a deep tissue massage, addressing those stubborn knots and deep-seated tensions, and works well on the belly of large muscles, on the back and beside the scapula.

Feather tapping (or Chiang Mai tapping) differs because the practitioner applies swift, light taps to the lom while moving it in a pattern. The softness of the tap depends on how sensitive the area is on which the practitioner is tapping. This gentle tapping is perfect for sensitive spots needing tender attention. And because the tapping is so light, a practitioner can do feather tapping almost everywhere.

The Thai massage practitioner applies manual pressure and stretches at the beginning or the end of a massage sequence. While the stretches seek to loosen up the body, the intense vibrations of the Tok Sen instrument stimulate the body’s energy and reach deeper into the physical muscle layers.

This distinctive interplay between Thai Tok Sen’s tools and techniques sets it apart, making it an intriguing choice for those looking to venture beyond conventional massages. It’s a nuanced dance where every tap and vibration brings you one step closer to harmonious well-being. Truly, Thai Tok Sen is a testament to the inventive spirit of traditional Thai healing practices.


The exact origin of Tok Sen is unclear, but some teachers tell us that a king once was very sick. Healers tried various traditional remedies to no avail. The one healer had the vision to go into the forest to a Tamarind tree that lightning had struck and killed. The healer crafted the first Tok Sen tools from this wood, returned to court and performed Tok Sen, and the king recovered.

Though the true origins of Tok Sen are that it developed over time in the Lanna kingdom, to this day, Tamarind wood from a tree hit by lightning, or even other hardwood trees hit by lightning, is the most expensive and most sought-after wood for Tok Sen tools. The caveat is that the tree had to withstand the strike and still be standing for healers to consider it worthy of becoming Tok Sen tools.

This type of wood is scarce, so woodcarvers usually use the bark of a tamarind tree or other hardwoods. To give the Tok Sen tools the same mystical healing power, the woodcarver takes the tools to the temple, and a monk inscribes a mantra on the kon and lim.


Renowned for its innate ability to alleviate muscle tension, Tok Sen also improves blood circulation, fostering a healthier, more vital body system. But the benefits continue beyond there.

Releases muscle tension, especially in the shoulders, back and glutes
Reduces physical and mental stress
Promotes relaxation
Improves blood circulation
Clears energy blockages

The tapping sound and the deep vibrations bring recipients into a meditative state that restores health and well-being. At the physical level, tapping the Tok Sen stimulates tendons, skin, muscles, and the circulatory system.

On the energy level, Tok Sen stimulates energy points and lines, opens up blockages and reactivates the free flow of energy throughout the body. The resonating vibrations work diligently to dissolve energy blockages in the body, enhancing the seamless flow of this vital life force. This enhancement results in increased vitality, improved immune function, and a greater sense of overall well-being.


Tok Sen is a very effective technique and is safe when a practitioner performs it with adequate knowledge of the recipient’s physical condition. Tok Sen works for any chronic musculoskeletal pain. Still, physical disorders vary from one body system to another, and some areas may be harmful to a person with particular health conditions. Therefore, the practitioner must know the recipient’s health condition and problem to perform Tok Sen safely.

Pregnancy. Only use feather tapping in all the trimesters of pregnancy, and always avoid the belly and hamstrings.

Fever. Tok Sen stimulates blood flow and can worsen fever or infection, even low-grade fever.

Tumours. Do not perform Tok Sen on patients with tumours.

Cardiac Arrests. Any recipient who has had a cardiac arrest within the past six months must have consent from their physician.

Acute Inflammation. Do not perform Tok Sen if there is any acute inflammation of the musculoskeletal system.

Burns. Avoid burns and any inflamed area of the skin.

Varicose Veins. Do not perform Tok Sen directly on spider veins, varicose veins, or prominent, raised, swollen blood vessels.

Becoming A Tok Sen practitioner

Venturing into the world of Thai Tok Sen is a voyage brimming with fascinating discoveries and transformative experiences. Its rich tapestry, intricately woven with centuries-old tradition, unique methodologies, and the therapeutic power of vibration, sets it apart in the universe of massage therapy. Whether you’re a fan searching for new relaxation techniques or an aspiring practitioner wanting to add another feather to your cap, Thai Tok Sen opens the door to therapeutic possibilities.

As a Thai Tok Sen practitioner, you can offer your clients a unique, transformative experience. With its rhythmically resonating vibrations and potential for profound relaxation and healing, this therapy becomes a powerful addition to your arsenal.

Many massage schools in and around Chiang Mai teach this northern modality. Unfortunately, Tok Sen courses usually do not teach the proper initiations into the tradition, like blessing the tools or learning traditional mantras. As such, Tok Sen becomes a simple therapy to relieve muscle tension, especially in the larger muscles like the shoulders, back and glutes.

Even so, engaging in these courses lets you learn more about this traditional massage’s rich history. Good training goes beyond teaching the techniques of double tap or feather tap. It incorporates an understanding of the body’s energy lines, an integral component in effectively implementing this therapy.

Your journey into becoming a Thai Tok Sen practitioner is much more than learning a new skill—it’s an adventure that enhances your capabilities, broadens your horizons, and enriches your career in massage therapy. Embrace this journey and unlock the power of Thai Tok Sen for both yourself and your future clients.

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